Key characteristics of the corporate form co-operative are:

  • value-based instead of profit-based
  • owned and run jointly by its members who democratically manage the enterprise.


The International Co-operative Alliance (ICA) defines co-operatives as follows:  

A co-operative is an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly owned and democratically-controlled enterprise. ( - 2017)


Co-operatives exist in developing, emerging and developed countries, where they take various forms and operate in all sectors. See more at: and



We emphasize the power and potential of co-operatives because they empower people to be self-determined economic participants.